No parent in this world is happy to see child loved ones are left to suffer with various health problems. All parents certainly hope that their children will grow up to be cheerful children without any complaints or disturbances. Why not, seeing a beloved baby who is still small and must be burdened with health problems that make them endure it with all their might will certainly be a heartbreaking heartbreak. So it is not surprising that many parents will try everything and do anything for the baby to grow healthy and strong to become a cheerful child with a smile on his lips.
Unfortunately, no matter how strong and how strictly we protect the health of our children, threats and disturbances will be ready to stalk them anytime and anywhere. One of the disorders that are very susceptible to threatening the baby is developmental disorders in children. This is also influenced by various factors, not only factors from within the body that have decreased function, other factors such as factors from the environment which are one of the biggest triggers for developmental disorders in children.
One of the factors that cause disruption in child development can be influenced by the presence of sophisticated gadgets and equipment that distract the child’s world almost completely. Whether we admit it or not, the role of gadgets in our lives today makes us feel as if we are controlled by this sophisticated equipment which makes us dependent and it is very difficult to be away from this equipment.
And the same thing happens to children today where the development of technology has an impact on the greater development disorders in children occur. Especially if it is exacerbated by the careless attention of parents, where this often happens to those parents who are busy working at the office. Lack of parental supervision, makes the consumption of gadgets and other high-tech equipment in children difficult to control as a result of which the children experience various disorders in their development.
So what are the developmental disorders in children that we should be aware of if one of them is caused by the causes above? Come on, look at and identify some of the following developmental disorders in children.
1. Speech Delay (Delayed Talking Disorder)
Speech delay is a cognitive disorder that occurs in children that interferes with the child’s ability to speak. In addition, this disorder also inhibits everything related to the production of language and words in children, such as reading, writing and so on. This is influenced by the increasing consumption of gadgets in children, making their social interactions less and shaping their personality to tend to be introverted and individualistic. At the age of the child, they should be able to get to know the world of play and the world of interacting with their friends and get to know many new things, including learning to speak and all things related to the production of language and words. They just don’t get this, with the presence of these devices and uncontrolled consumption, making the child’s world completely distracted from gadgets and other sophisticated equipment. So that speaking and language skills in children are not able to be developed properly.
To overcome this, of course, as parents as much as possible we must be able to control and provide adequate supervision of children. It is not impossible to provide gadget facilities to children, especially when viewed from the point of view of benefits, this is useful and will make it easier for them to communicate. However, limiting and controlling their use is what would be wiser to do for their own good.
2. Motoric Delay (Motor Development Delay Disorders)
Normally, the development process takes place continuously and gradually from one stage to another, although the speed of this development varies and varies from child to child. However, this motor development process is genetically designed, while environmental factors have little influence.
The process of motor development generally requires optimal brain development. This pattern of development is usually gradual from the start of gross motoric development and progresses to fine motor development. Where if gross motor skills have been mastered, it will continue to develop fine motor skills which will function better. Movement that is general and irregular will develop into a specific movement that is regular and purposeful. It’s just that, if brain development in children does not develop optimally due to certain disorders, this will also affect their motor delays.
3. Habitual Disorders
Habitual disorder may be an attempt a child makes in order to beat or reduce the stress that attacks him. Some of the habitual disorders that are often found in children include biting uku, hitting themselves, banging their head against a wall, shaking their biting body and trying to hurt themselves.
All children who experience habitual disorders will generally show repetitive behavior, but this depends on the frequency of the habit. For example, a child who sucks his thumb can be part of his growth, but if this habit is carried over to children aged 8 years and over, this is something to be aware of.
4. Psychological Disorders
Psychological disorders in children can include changes in their emotions, behavior, mental performance and physical functions. This psychological problem can be motivated by factors such as parenting patterns, family problems, deep trauma, chronic illness or separation that makes the child unable to withstand the burden and unable to channel it properly.
5. Sleep Disorders
The problem of sleeping hours that are too long and too short in children may indicate sleep disturbances in them. Disturbance during sleep should not be taken lightly as this will have an impact on the stage of development which may have a detrimental effect on the child’s cognitive abilities. For this reason, the role of parents here is very much needed where you must always be able to control the child’s sleeping time at the appropriate time.
Also avoid keeping children up late at night which will make their biological clock messy. Most parents often tolerate sleeping late at night when school holidays arrive. However, after school hours begin to take effect, you should readjust their sleep time so that they can return to normal.
6. Anxiety Disorders (Anxiety)
Panic and fear are normal things that happen to children, but as long as they are still on the threshold. When your child often looks anxious and even this anxiety is detrimental to them such as making them unable to sleep, fear of other people and so on, then this should be taken care of and immediately ask a therapist or expert to help children control anxiety and relieve it. Anxiety disorders that affect children may be influenced by deep trauma, obsessive compulsive disorder or certain phobias.
Being aware of all forms of disorders that can hi
nder the development of children is an important thing that parents hope to be able to recognize early on and immediately find solutions to deal with them.