In this article, we will discuss what is lupus, what causes lupus, how its symptoms are and how it is treated for lupus. Thus, you know what to watch out for from lupus.
What is Lupus Disease?
Lupus is included in the category of deadly diseases. This disease makes the patient’s body allergic to himself. Lupus disease comes from the Latin language lupus is “wolf” This is because people with lupus often experience changes in the face.
In people with lupus, the symptoms are often difficult to find, while the specific symptoms are the appearance of a butterfly rash or a red rash resembling a butterfly on the cheeks. Lupus sufferers become more sensitive to stimuli so that they make too many antibodies and eventually attack the sufferer’s own body.
Lupus is a chronic inflammation of the joints in the body that can affect organs such as joints, skin, blood and kidneys. In lupus sufferers, the immune system of the body will fight normal body tissues so that it no longer protects against foreign microorganisms. So that the anti-body will react to a rash on the skin.
In fact, lupus is a disease equivalent to cancer, the patient was initially suspected of having a skin disease so that the face, namely the nose and cheeks, was red. Patients often experience red spots on the face and arms and experience prolonged heat and fatigue. Patients who have had lupus for a long time will experience swollen joints and canker sores.
Why is Lupus Deadly?
Lupus is a dangerous disease. In the world, people with lupus reach 5 million people, even more than 100 thousand cases that occur in a year. Lupus disease is inversely related to cancer and HIV / AIDS. If HIV / AIDS attacks the body and weakens the patient’s immunity, while in people with lupus it will make the sufferer’s body too immune and eventually attack the sufferer’s own body.
Lupus disease that attacks these antibodies will cause a reaction on the skin of the sufferer. Generally marked on the nose and cheeks that change color to red. The red color that appears in the sufferer can usually be in the form of a spot or resembles a rash. Lupus disease can attack organs even when it attacks certain organs, many think it is only a certain organ disease without being recognized as lupus.
Lupus disease which is dangerous because immunity will attack the patient’s body back in fact has 3 types which are distinguished according to the organ being attacked. The 3 types of lupus, namely:
- Cutaneous lupus (discoid) is the mildest lupus and only affects the skin.
- System lupus erythematosus is lupus that attacks several internal organs such as the kidneys, heart, blood, nerves to attack the brain.
- Drug induced lupus is a type of lupus that is caused due to the consumption of drugs that contain certain chemicals. However, in the case of this type of lupus it can be cured by stopping the consumption of the drug.
People with lupus or odapus have to fight for life. Odapus must get support from the surrounding environment. This is due to the long period of time in recovery. Even the danger that can be faced by odapus is losing motivation to recover so that the role of the family is very helpful in healing lupus.
Lupus disease can be faced with proper handling, controlling food, avoiding odapus from stress, using appropriate drugs and also preventing the skin from being exposed to sunlight. So whether or not lupus is dangerous depends on the type of lupus that attacks Odapus. In addition, lupus is not a contagious disease because it is not a disease caused by germs or viruses. Lupus disease is a disease related to autoimmunity and genetic factors.
Early prevention is very important if you have found symptoms that lead to lupus symptoms. Lupus will be as dangerous as heart disease, cancer and AIDS which can be deadly. Although the symptoms of lupus are difficult to recognize because they will attack according to the affected organ, the description of the symptoms and causes of lupus below will help you provide early prevention if there is a change in body condition.
Symptoms and Causes of Lupus
A. Symptoms of Lupus
The symptoms suffered by odapus (people who suffer from lupus) are difficult to recognize. Many medical personnel in diagnosing do not immediately suspect lupus. So an intensive examination and consultation with a doctor is needed when knowing the characteristics of lupus.
The common symptoms of lupus include:
- Experiencing indigestion
- Skin is more sensitive when exposed to sunlight
- Often experiences lethargy, tired when it has mild activities
- Experiencing fever and aches, although in general, the symptoms of lupus will disappear during remission.
- Experiencing anemia due to attacking red blood cells
- Experiencing hair loss
- Blood clotting disorders
- Chest pain while breathing
- Kidney damage
- The most specific symptom of lupus is a rash that stretches across the facial skin and is just like a butterfly.
Even so, the above symptoms should get further examination from the doctor so that treatment can be given in accordance with the patient’s condition.
B. Causes of Lupus
Lupus disease is not a contagious disease caused by microorganisms but by genetic disorders. Lupus disease is caused by excess systems in the body so that the immune system attacks the organ systems including the lungs, heart, liver and kidneys.
In some cases, it is said that lupus is caused due to complex factors from genetic, environmental, hormonal or drug consumption errors. Although it is dangerous, it is not contagious, so there is no need to worry when interacting with odpus (people with lupus).
Thus, lupus is a dangerous disease or known as a thousand faces disease because it will resemble certain organ diseases. This disease is a dangerous disease because the immune system will attack organs in the body. Even lupus is a chronic disease that takes a long time to heal.
In addition, the treatment for odpus must be observed for signs and symptoms. This is because people with lupus have different disorders. So that further examination and consultation with a doctor is the best way. The doctor will assist the odpus in determining the appropriate drug.