For babies less than 2 or 3 months of age, this is known as neonatal meningitis. To broaden your knowledge, parents and make you more alert, and take immediate action when symptoms begin to appear, the following reviews treat neonatal meningitis in babies.
Getting to Know Neonatal Meningitis
Neonatal meningitis is a meningitis disease that is often found in newborns. Meningitis of this type is caused by either a virus or an infection due to exposure to bacteria. Viruses that cause meningitis in infants are called coxsackie and herpes simplex. Meanwhile, the group of bacteria that infect newborns is the result of group B. streptococcus, E.coli, Haemophilus influenza or Listeria or also known as HiB. The danger, neonatal meningitis bacteria can be transmitted through the placenta while the baby is still in the womb or during the delivery process.
Neonatal Meningitis Symptoms
Symptoms resulting from neonatal meningitis in newborn baby generally it doesn’t seem too obvious. However, some symptoms may be a reference for mothers in detecting whether their child has this deadly disease or not.
Generally, children who suffer from neonatal meningitis will experience symptoms such as children who are irritable or temperamental, children who look often lethargic or lose their appetite. Neonatal meningitis cannot be resolved quickly and can cause several symptoms such as vomiting, rash, chills, difficulty breathing, high fever, jaundice and some babies will even experience convulsions.
Treatment for Neonatal Meningitis
When a child is positive for neonatal meningitis, intensive treatment must be carried out and hospitalization as the initial treatment. For infant patients, generally a spectrum antibiotic will be administered first while the doctor awaits the results.
If the meningitis is caused by bacteria, the doctor will provide treatment in the form of giving special antibiotics for bacteria, while if it is caused by a virus or herpes virus then treatment will be carried out using the anti-viral drug acyclovir. However, in most cases viral meningitis does not respond well enough to antibiotics, so this treatment is used to relieve symptoms and keep the baby warm and hydrated.
Prevention of Neonatal Meningitis
Prevention for newborns with neonatal meningitis will depend on postnatal and prenatal care and avoiding foods that may be contaminated with Listeria or E.coli bacteria during pregnancy. In addition, as an adjunct measure to avoid the risk of the baby contracting the virus or bacteria that causes neonatal meningitis, the doctor will perform a group B strep test when the mother-to-be enters the last week of her pregnancy. When carrying out this test, it turns out that the baby is infected with the virus, the mother-to-be can take anti-viral drugs before delivery or choose to undergo a cesarean section to prevent viral infection in the baby.
That’s the knowledge about neonatal meningitis in babies. When a child is diagnosed with this disease, it’s best to immediately take it to the doctor for immediate treatment.