What is MERS?
MERS stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, which is a virus caused by the coronavirus. This virus is a new type of the Coronavirus family (Novel Corona Virus). The discovery of this virus was first reported since September 2012 which was first discovered in Saudi Arabia. And until June 2013, there were 77 cases of MERS infection in the world. The highest number was recorded and reported in Saudi Arabia, followed by Italy, England, France, Jordan, Qatar, Tunisia and the United Arab Emirates.
Of these cases, 40 of them ended in death. Although the cause is the same, namely caused by a virus from the Corona race which is also the main cause of Severe Acute Syndrome (SARS) but this virus is actually not the same, this MERS disease virus is more similar to the coronavirus found in bats.
MERS disease is a respiratory syndrome disease caused by a coronavirus that attacks parts of the respiratory tract ranging from mild to heavy organs. When someone is infected with MARS, usually the symptoms that may appear are coughing, shortness of breath, fever.
So what are some other symptoms a person infected with MERS may feel
There are several things we can know in order to identify what are the signs that someone is infected with this deadly virus. Given that the attack infects the respiratory tract, the following are signs of MERS that the potential victim might feel.
Apart from coughing, shortness of breath and fever or the body feels chills, other symptoms are that this disease is acute and usually occurs in patients who suffer from co-morbid diseases. If these symptoms are felt, it is better to immediately consult a doctor because the records regarding the case of MERS disease reveal that about half of the number of patients suffering from MERS have died due to the ferocity of the virus which continues to eat away at the respiratory tract.
Even some of the patients reported suffering from moderate respiratory tract disorders. This means that patients who suffer only moderate respiratory problems have a high risk of death. For this reason, the only way to know whether someone is infected or not after getting the symptoms above is to consult a doctor so that they can get treatment immediately.
Is MERS Disease Contagious? So How Is It Transmitted?
As with other respiratory diseases such as Severe Acute Syndrome (SARS), MERS disease can also be transmitted. Talking about transmission, until now scientists are still investigating the pattern of transmission. This is because it has been found that there is transmission between individuals and individuals as a result of close direct contact. In addition, transmission from infected patients to health workers who treat them such as doctors and nurses is still being investigated.
While the mechanism of the spread of the corona virus from animals to humans is still being studied to date, although there are allegations that the first human infected may have accidentally inhaled the dust of animal feces infected with the MERS virus. However, to prevent the spread of this deadly disease, you should maintain direct contact with sufferers so that you do not become the next victim.
Management of MERS Disease
This is a problem that is currently being faced, until now there is no specific drug that can be used as a vaccine to prevent MERS infection. In addition, there is no specific treatment method that can cure MERS disease. Meanwhile, medical treatment is only supprotective and serves to relieve symptoms only. Similar to the treatment for SARS patients, the treatment for MERS sufferers is carried out in hospital with intensive care, especially if there is shortness of breath. Patients will be placed in an isolation room so that the virus does not spread anywhere.
Until now, there is no specific treatment available for MERS, other than that specific anti-viral treatment is not yet available. Currently, treatment measures are carried out on patients based on the patient’s condition. The best prevention is to live a healthy lifestyle and avoid direct contact with patients who have been infected with the virus that causes MERS.
In addition, using a mask when accidentally there is contact or is in the same room with the patient will be a good alternative. Be diligent in washing your hands before or after activities, especially after touching foreign objects during activities and cough etiquette when sick also need to be applied to keep other people from contracting this deadly disease.