Migraines can be very common in children, migraines can occur in about 10% of school age children. Half of the children who had migraine had their first attack before the age of 12 years. However, it does not rule out the possibility that it occurs at the age of under 12 years, even at the age of one year old toddler. Boys before puberty often suffer from migraines more often than girls. Whereas in adulthood, entering the age of 17, as many as 8 percent of boys and 23 percent of girls experience migraines.
In childhood experiencing migraines can significantly affect the quality of children. Apart from being due to the related attacks it will interfere with activities the child goes to schoolAt the age of children, children also need knowledge gained in their play environment which will affect their social activities. Basically, every health problem will hinder the quality of the children, while migraine is felt to have a big effect due to the sudden condition of the child’s health condition even though it is added with other symptoms.
At the age of migrant children what may occur is a type of chronic daily migraine (CM). In this type of migraine, it can strike children fifteen times or more in a month, besides that it is compounded by headaches for up to 4 hours. The symptoms that commonly occur in migraines include depression, dizziness, sleep disturbances, anxiety, difficulty concentrating to fatigue. Unlike migraines that occur in adults, migraines in children are often without an aura. Auras are visual disturbances, such as blurred vision, flashing lights, colored spots, or even dizziness, that occur within an hour of the headache. .
It is advisable for you as a parent to observe changes in their children’s behavior, including when your child has a loss of appetite, irritability, frequent yawning, cravings for certain foods, lethargy, and mood changes. In some children, it is accompanied by sensitivity to light, touch, smell, or sound that is commonly heard. Even another indicator that may occur is sleep walking.
The cause of migraines in children is triggered by several factors including late or late meal times, children experiencing stress, changes in weather, strong odors and hormonal fluctuations. Meanwhile, food only affects 5-15% of sufferers. Meanwhile, how to diagnose migraine in children can be done in various ways, including the patient’s history, suffering physically by ruling out other symptoms. Sometimes diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, EEG, and neuroimaging are also used to help diagnose migraines. Children who experience migraines tend to have parents with the same history. There is a 40% chance of a child of one parent experiencing migraines, whereas if both parents experience the chance increases to 90%.
Another factor that is no less important for investigating the pattern of migraine attacks in your child. As one example, an attack can occur after riding in a car or when the weather changes. Women may have attacks related to their menstrual cycle. Parents and children should keep headache logs that relate to date, time and description of pain and symptoms. At each trigger, medication or measures taken to reduce pain, and the time and nature of the relief, to assist the doctor in diagnosis and treatment. Treatment for children and adolescents of migraines depends on the child’s age, frequency and severity of attacks. Expert help from a doctor or center that specializes in migraines. There are three common approaches to treatment:
1. Acute treatment uses drugs to relieve symptoms when they occur.
2. Preventive treatment uses drugs that are taken daily to reduce the number of attacks and reduce the intensity of pain. If a child has three or four headaches, the doctor should consider using preventative medicine.
3. Complementary medicine does not use drugs and includes relaxation techniques (biofeedback, imagery, hypnosis, etc.), cognitive therapy, behavior, acupuncture, exercise, and adequate rest and diet to help avoid trigger attacks. For some children, eating a balanced diet without skipping meals, exercising regularly, and going up and going to bed at the same time each day help reduce the frequency and severity of migraines.